Dry Eye Treatment

What is Dry Eye Syndrome?

Patients complaining of dry eye syndrome is one of the leading conditions ophthalmologist treat today.  Did you know that over 10 million people in America alone suffer from dry eye syndrome? The most common problem for dry eyes is caused by a problem with the quality of the tear film that lubricates one’s eyes.

Tears are created in several glands around the eyes the tears are produced in the lacrimal gland which is located under the upper eyelid. You have other smaller glands in the eyelids that make mucus and oil layers. Every time you blink the eyelid coats the eye with tears lubricating the eye, keeping it moist and excess tears flow into tiny drainage ducts in the corner of the eye close to your nose. The ducts close to the nose are connected to you nasal passages. This connection between your tear ducts and your nasal passages is the reason you get a runny nose whenever you cry.

There are many causes of dry eye syndrome, the most common reasons for dry eyes is the normal aging process.  When we age our bodies produce fewer oils. Many people notice this in the skin as you get older your skin is has fewer oils to keep it soft. This is noticed more in women who tend to have much drier skin than men. It’s this oil deficiency that also affects the tear film, when there isn’t much oil the tear film that covers the eye evaporates much faster which generates dry areas on the cornea. Other factors of dry eye syndrome can be contributed to dry hot climates, living at higher altitudes, cigarette smoke and air conditioning.  Many people experience dry eyes when they read or when looking at computer monitors. It is important to stop and rest your eyes by blinking the eyes to lubricate the eyes.

Many contact lens wearers suffer dry eyes because the contact lens absorbs the tear film. It is important to lubricate your eyes when wearing contact lenses. Some women have problems with dry eyes as they enter menopause because of hormonal changes. Many medications, thyroid conditions, and some people with vitamin A deficiencies can experience dry eyes.

What Are the Symptoms of Dry Eyes:

  • Irritation
  • Itching
  • Redness
  • Burning
  • Tearing
  • Blurred vision
  • Discomfort after reading, working on the computer and watching television


How to Treat Dry Eyes?

Many times simple changes in your lifestyles can have significant improvements.  Quitting smoking or simply drinking more water can help improve the irritation that comes with dry eyes. Excessive rubbing of the eyes can worsen irritation. When reading, working on the computer or watching television try to make a conscious effort to blink more frequently. This will help keep the eye more lubricated and wet, which in return will help keep your eyes more comfortable.

If you suffer from dry eye syndrome, it is important to see an experienced ophthalmologist.  Your doctor will determine the cause of your dry eye issues by measuring your production and the evaporation rate of your tear film.  Everyone’s eyes are different and treating dry eyes is different depending on the cause. Many times patients find simple relief from simply using artificial tear drops.  There are several different types of artificial tears some are watery and only relieve the symptoms for short periods of time. Others are thicker and last longer on the eye. Normally preservative free tears are optimal as they feel more soothing and have fewer additives that could cause irritation in the eye.

Dr. Anthony O. Roberts treats clients with dry eye syndrome and other eye conditions.

Schedule your Dry Eye Evaluation Today!

(301) 279-0600

Contact us to schedule an evaluation for your dry eye treatment.

Contact Shady Grove Ophthalmology

Dry Eye – Understanding the Structure of Tears

View Video

Understanding the structure of tears is important in order to understand how the tears and tear film provide the eye with a number of specialized functions. Our tears are formed by tiny glands that surround the eye. Tears are comprised of three layers: oil, water, and mucous. The lower mucous layer serves as an anchor for the tear film and helps it adhere to the cornea. The middle layer is comprised of water and the outer layer seals the tear film and prevents evaporation. The tear film serves several purposes. It keeps the eye moist, creates a smooth surface for light to pass through the eye, nourishes the front of the eye, and provides protection from injury and infection. When we blink, the eyelids smooth and spread the tear film so that it is uniform across the surface of the cornea. Excess tears flow out of the eye into two tiny ducts, which then drain into the nasal passage.

TearLab – Accredited Dry Eye Center

Dry Eye - Tearlab CenterShady Grove Ophthalmology now offers an accredited Dry Eye Center dedicated to providing the highest quality of dry eye care using advanced ophthalmic diagnostic techniques and treatments. TearLab aids in accurate and early detection of Dry Eye Disease. Dr. Roberts can monitor disease severity and can intervene early in the disease process. This process helps in customization of prescribed therapies that work for each individual patient.

Dry Eye Questionnaire

You can help Dr. Roberts by bringing a completed copy of the TEARLAB Dry Eye Questionnaire to your next appointment and ask, “What’s My Number?


Our Practice

At Shady Grove Ophthalmology, we understand the importance of your vision. Dr. Anthony O. Roberts is committed to using some of the most advanced technology available for vision correction, cataract removal, and treatment of eye disease. With innovative laser systems, multi-focal intraocular lens implants, and state-of-the-art techniques for cataract surgery, Dr. Roberts aims to give all of our patients the safest, most effective eye treatments. Our entire office staff prides itself on delivering personalized premium quality eye care to all our patients.

Our Patients Say It Best...

Dr. Roberts and his staff are amazing!!!!

"Dr. Roberts and his staff are amazing!!!! From my 1st call to make an appointment to my post-op cataract appointment, he and his staff were helpful, friendly and patient. I am so happy to have found Dr. Roberts. After many years of blurry vision, he totally corrected it. This office was a true find. I would absolutely recommend Dr. Roberts."

- Karol W.

My experience was phenomenal...

"My experience was phenomenal, all the staff is friendly. Dr. Roberts treated me well, was very helpful in explaining the process. I would highly recommend anyone to Dr. Roberts. Thank you for giving me a new view of life."

- Henry

I highly recommend Dr. Roberts...

"I highly recommend Dr. Roberts he did an excellent job on my LASIK surgery!"

Manuela G.

20/20 vision restored one day after surgery...

"Dr. Roberts was wonderful. I was treated for a cataract which had significantly reduced vision in my right eye. Dr. Roberts walked me through what to expect with the surgery beforehand. The surgery was completely painless and took less than 30 minutes. I now have my pre cataract 20/20 vision restored one day after surgery. I can highly recommend Dr. Roberts and his team!"

Robert H.

Dr. Roberts was incredibly knowledgeable...

"Dr. Roberts was incredibly knowledgeable and accommodating through my LASIK evaluation, procedure, and post-op. I would absolutely recommend him."


Dr. Anthony Roberts is a great doctor...

"Dr. Anthony Roberts is a great doctor-competent and friendly. His office staff is courteous and accommodating. I had cataract surgeries in both my eyes with laser and could not be more satisfied! I highly recommend Dr. Roberts."

Rakesh Bansil, M.D.

The office staff was so professional...

"The office staff was so professional and courteous and the doctor was very reassuring about post-operative progress so happy with results!"

Suzanne T.

I am very satisfied...

"I am very satisfied with the fantastic surgery work of Doctor Anthony Roberts. I didn’t feel any pain at all during and after the surgery., Now, everything is sharper and no blur and no glare. I will really recommend him to friends & family. I will ask him to do my right eye! Thank you so much, Dr. Roberts."

Alphine R.

I can see better than I have in years...

"Dr. Roberts did cataract surgery on my left eye and I can see better than I have in years. The procedure was so quick and easy. The surgery center was great Dr. Roberts is very professional yet friendly and easy to talk to. His office staff is excellent. I never had a problem getting an appointment and have never waited long in the office."

Jane G.

Dr. Roberts’ a very warm and easy going doctor...

"Dr. Roberts’ a very warm and easy going doctor. He did my LASIK procedure and then followed up with me that night to make sure everything was ok. I would definitely recommend him to anyone that wants LASIK done. Thanks, Dr. Roberts!"

Wendi C.

Cataract surgery with Dr. Roberts and couldn’t be more satisfied with results...

"Had cataract surgery with Dr. Roberts and couldn’t be more satisfied with results, my vision was 20/20 already the day after surgery. Was impressed that Dr. Roberts followed up the evening after surgery with a phone call to see how I was doing. Would highly recommend Dr. Roberts for his professionalism and use of latest technology. The office staff is also professional, thorough and very helpful. Great overall experience."

Pete A.

I had a really positive experience at Shady Grove Ophthalmology...

"I had a really positive experience at Shady Grove Ophthalmology. I had PRK surgery. Dr. Roberts explained the process and walked me through everything during the surgery. He even called me on a Sunday evening to follow-up with me making sure I was feeling okay after the surgery. The front office staff was also friendly. I definitely recommend Dr. Roberts!"

- Sharon C.

The outcome exceeded my expectations...

"I can't say enough about how professional, knowledgeable and kind Dr. Roberts is. I had cataract surgery and was nervous about the procedure. He immediately put me at ease when he explained the process and assured me that it would go well. I felt comfortable asking him questions and he answered them with a great amount of respect, understanding, and patience. The outcome exceeded my expectations. I also loved and appreciated his caring staff. I highly recommend Dr. Roberts. Super grateful for the excellent work he does!"

Robin G.