Nearsightedness & Farsightedness

Nearsightedness

Nearsightedness, also referred to as Myopia, is when light entering the eye is focused incorrectly, making distant objects appear blurred. Nearsightedness is a type of refractive error of the eye. If you are nearsighted, you have trouble seeing things that are far away.


Watch the Shady Grove Ophthalmology video to learn more about Nearsightedness or “Myopia”.
Myopia is a common refractive error also known as nearsightedness. Nearsighted people see things best they are close up but have trouble seeing things that are far away. Myopia occurs when light entering the eye and comes into focus in front of the retina instead of precisely on the retina. This can be caused by a cornea that is too steeply curved, by an eye that is too long, or by a combination of both problems. Patients with mild to moderate myopia can see things close up but people with severe myopia may only be able to see objects clearly when they are only a few inches away.


 

Farsightedness

Farsightedness also referred to a Hyperopia, is the result of the visual image being focused behind the retina rather than directly on it. It may be caused by the eyeball being too small or the focusing power being too weak.


Watch the Shady Grove Ophthalmology video to learn more about Farsightedness or “Hyperopia”.

Hyperopia is also a common refractive error also known as farsightedness. Farsighted people see things best when they are very far away but have trouble seeing things that are closer. Hyperopia occurs when light entering the eye comes into focus behind the retina instead of precisely on the retina. This can be caused by a cornea that is too flat, by an eye that is too short or by a combination of both problems. People with a mild case of hyperopia can still see things that are far away but people with severe hyperopia can have trouble seeing clearly even at a distance. In addition, hyperopia often becomes worse the eyes lose focusing power with age.