Presbyopia

What is Presbyopia?

Presbyopia is the inability to focus on objects up close. An individual with presbyopia can focus on far away objects clearly. Presbyopia is normal condition that comes with the aging process even with people that have not have not had vision problems before.

When we are young, the lens inside of our eye is extremely flexible, and allows us to easily focus on close objects. Over time, the lens gradually loses its flexibility, which makes it difficult to focus on close objects. This condition is called Presbyopia, and it is a normal part of the aging process that happens to everyone, even those who have never had a vision problem before. In the early stages of Presbyopia, most people have difficulty reading small print, such as on a menu, a cell phone, or a newspaper. People usually compensate for this, by holding reading materials further away, and in some cases by using additional light. As the condition progresses, most patients are unable to hold printed materials far enough away to see them clearly. Patients will often complain that their arms are not long enough anymore. At this stage, most patients will require some type of near vision correction. Because the lenses inside our eyes continue to change over time, it is important to visit Dr. Roberts at Shady Grove Ophthalmology regularly, for routine eye examinations.

Presbyopia Treatment Options

There are a number of treatment options available, to help correct the changes in your vision caused by presbyopia. If you have no other vision problems, you may benefit from reading glasses alone. However, if you are nearsighted or farsighted, you may need a prescription for new glasses. These glasses can be designed to correct vision at a single distance, or vision at multiple distances. Some people prefer the convenience of contact lenses. Contact lenses can also be designed to correct vision at a single distance, or vision at multiple distances. If glasses and contacts are not desired, presbyopia can be treated surgically. Once such procedure is performed by replacing the eye’s natural lens with an artificial lens. Because the new lens restores distance vision and improves near vision, the eye is able to focus more easily. Refractive laser procedures, such as LASIK, or PRK, may also be a solution. Another procedure uses radio-frequency energy to alter the periphery of the cornea, thereby improving vision close-up. Treatment for presbyopia is very common. Dr. Roberts will discuss which treatment options may be best for you.

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The video below provides more information about Presbyopia.